Classical and Contemporary Management Essay

2173 Words Nov 13th, 2012 9 Pages
International Information Technology University | Classical and Contemporary Management | Made by: Aidyn Zhumabekov |

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15.11.2012
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Contents

Introduction...........................................................................................................................3
The Classical School of Management....................................................................................4
Strengths and weaknesses of classical management………………………………………..5
The Contemporary School of Management…………………………………………………7
Conclusion..............................................................................................................................9
References………………………………………………………………………………….10
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In addition, another benefit of the classical management theory is the focus on division of labor. By dividing labor, tasks could be completed more quickly and efficiently, thus allowing productivity to increase. Division of labor can be seen in many applications today, ranging from fast food restaurants to large production facilities. In addition, the classical management theory also gave rise to an autocratic leadership style, allowing employees to take direction and command from their managers.
Weaknesses of the Classical Management Theories
Classical theories and the principles derived from them continue to be popular today with some modifications. Many criticisms have been directed at the classicists. Several major ones are discussed here.

Reliance on experience - many of the writers in the classical school of management developed their ideas on the basis of their experiences as managers or consultants with only certain types of organizations. For instance, Taylor's and Fayol's work came primarily from their experiences with large manufacturing firms that were experiencing stable environments. It may be unwise to generalize from those situations to others especially to young, high-technology firms of today that are confronted daily with changes in their competitors' products.

Untested assumptions - Many of the assumptions made by classical writers were based not on scientific tests but

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