Essay about Contributions of Management

6166 Words May 11th, 2013 25 Pages
The Contributions of Management Theory and Practice to Emergency Management

John C. Pine is the Director of the Disaster Science and Management, Professor-Research with the Department of Environmental Studies and Interim Chair of the Department of Geography and Anthropology at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, LA. (225) 578-1075
Email: jpine@lsu.edu httt://www.risk.lsu.edu

Abstract

This chapter takes a look at the impact that management theory and how the basic functions and practice of management as well as the role of the manager and approaches to management have contributed to the practice of emergency management. Current views of management theory stress the changing nature of the external environment and
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Many of the early writers in management contended that there was a right way of organizing work and accomplishing tasks (Gilbreth 1911). Others built on the engineering approaches to acknowledge the impacts of bureaucracies (Weber 1947). Mintzbert explained the role of the “manager” in directing the organization to achieving goals in a rational manner (1971). The interpersonal, informational, and decisional roles he characterized are mutually applicable to the emergency manager in the public, private and non-profit organizational setting. The theory of management has grown over the past one-hundred years evolving from the time and motion studies of engineers to contributions from social scientists, the Hawthorne studies and a behavioral approach to more quantitative approaches that look for the “best” or optimum functioning of an organization or “total quality management (TQM)” (Gabor 1990). Emergency management has been influenced by the same developments in management theory in utilizing engineering to design the most efficient emergency operations center or emergency response routing for emergency services. The selection of emergency medical and law-enforcement units in response to 911 communication calls and the most recent traffic hurricane evacuation planning suggest that scientific management is applicable to problems today. The ongoing assessment of

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