Scientific Management And Human Relations Management Essay

1027 Words Mar 19th, 2016 null Page
Scientific Management or Taylorism can be defined as the systematic methodology to administrate and control workers in organisations, that it views workers as biological machines rather than real humans. Whereas, Human Relations management focus more on employees’ values and behavioural aspects, instead of output (Miller and Former, 1964). In this essay, assumptions of each management approaches and the needs of workers will be discussed, then what managers shall do will be pointed out. Finally, I will state which approach I prefer if I am a worker and why.

For Scientific Management, its primary goal is to promote efficiency within the organisations. In order to accomplish this goal, time and motion studies have been emphasised by Taylor, where a complicated task is separated into small simple sections that any useless movements can be eliminated (Miller and Former, 1964). Hunter (2015) also pointed out the scientific strategies used by managers could ensure the precise time needed for each task, improving productivity in the production line. The second assumption is that rational workers worked for survival mainly, as they were only motivated by financial reward, such as higher salary and bonus. Miller and Former (1964) suggested that money was the principal incentive to work, and employees were solely motivated by money. It is true that employees should gain as high as salary to purchase necessities. According to research by Britton and Propper (2016) in England, as…

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