The Causal Between The Mind And The Body Essay

1031 Words Feb 14th, 2016 null Page
Princess Elizabeth questioned the ability of the two substances of Cartesian Dualism to interact, and thereby introduced the problem of causal interaction. She essentially questioned how the mind (immaterial) causally interacts with the body (material), and therefore demanded a description of the mechanisms that give the mind and the body this power . In this paper, I will argue that Princess Elizabeth’s criticism of Cartesian Dualism successfully discredits Descartes’s theory by exposing the theory’s weakness in describing the mechanisms (the how) which enable the causal relation between the mind and the body. I will firstly provide a description of Cartesian Dualism, then explain Princess Elizabeth’s criticism of the theory and reformulate her demands in the terms of Hume’s theory of causality, and later consider whether the Princess’s criticism is successful at discrediting Descartes’s theory. Descartes’s dualism holds that the mind is an immaterial (non-physical) substance that is distinguished from the body, which is a material substance (physical). The material substance is extended and non-thinking, whereas the immaterial substance is non-extended and thinking. Although the mind and body are distinct, according to Descartes, they causally interact with one another . Princess Elizabeth questioned the relation of causation between both substances and consequently exposed an important weakness in Descartes theory: “Given that the soul of a human being is only a…

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