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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sex
refers to biological differences (the parts)
Cultural Construction of Gender
The idea that the characteristics a people attribute to males
and females is culturally, not biologically determined.
Gender roles
the tasks and activities that a culture assigns to the sexes.
Gender stereotypes
are oversimplified but strongly held ideas of the characteristics of men and
women.
Gender
the cultural construction of male and
female characteristics (the roles)
Cultural Construction of Gender
The idea that the characteristics a people attribute to males
and females is culturally, not biologically determined.
Gender stereotypes
are oversimplified but strongly held ideas of the characteristics of men and
women.
Hua of Papua New Guinea
Patrilineal, horticultural people. Gender is constructed based on female-male differences that are not recognized by people
outside of Papua, New Guinea.
Human bodies and food items contain varying amounts of a life-giving substance called
nu
Females have an excess of nu
they grow faster, age more slowly and are unattractively moist.
Men contain a smaller amount of nu
they have difficulty with growth and maintenance of
vitality later in life, but are attractively dry.
Figapa
Their bodies contain substances symbolically considered feminine (lots of nu).
Kakora
Eligible to live in the men's houses and to obtain the secret “male” knowledge gained
during initiation ceremonies (minimal nu).
Gender Crossing
The adoption of social roles and behaviors normatively appropriate for the
opposite biological sex from one’s own.
Multiple Gender Identities
The recognition, present in some cultures, of more than two
genders. up to 4 genders
Sexual Division of Labor
The kinds of productive activities that are assigned to women
versus men in a culture.
Physical Strength
Work tasks requiring greater strength are mainly performed by
males.
Fertility Maintenance
Prolonged physical exercise can depress female fertility, so
most strenuous tend to be done by males.
Compatibility with Childcare
Women tend to perform tasks that can be combined
efficiently with childcare.
Economy of Effort
May be more advantageous for a gender to do tasks that follow in
a production sequence (e.g. wood cutters make wood objects); may also be advantageous
for a gender to perform tasks located near each other (childcare and domestic chores).
Expendability
Men do more hard/dangerous tasks because they are more expendable.
Gender Stratification
the degree of inequality between males and females based on culturally
defined differences between the sexes.
Equality disappeared how many years ago?
10,000
the closest way of life closest to equal is
horticulture
Relative gender equality is most likely
the ancestral pattern of human society.