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47 Cards in this Set

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archaeology

the recovery of material evidence remaining from the past
archaeologist
a person who studies human behavior and culture through the recovery and analysis of objects made by humans
artifact
any object made by human beings
environment
the natural world; the air, water, plants, animals, weather, and other things in an area
dispersed
spread out and scattered
evidence
data presented to prove the facts of an issue
harvested
to have gathered crops such as grains, vegetables, fruits, or other plants for the purposes of eating or using them in some way
climate
the average weather for a region over a long period of time
inhabited
to have occupied or lived in an area
arctic
a climate that is bitterly cold in temperature
arid
a very dry climate with very little rainfall
resources
anything that we use for survival; may be natural, economic, or human
Which First Americans lived in arctic areas where temperatures are below freezing?
Inuit
Which First Americans lived in a rainy, mild climate?
Kwakiutl
Which First Americans lived in desert areas and areas bordering cliffs and mountains?
Pueblo
Which First Americans lived in an area characterized by dry grasslands?
Lakota
Which First Americans lived in plank houses?
Kwakiutl
Which First Americans lived in a heavily forested area?
Iroquois
Which First Americans lived in igloos?
Inuit
Which First Americans lived in teepees?
Lakota
Which First Americans inhabited the southwest in present day New Mexico and Arizona?
Pueblo
Which First Americans lived in longhouses?
Iroquois
Which First Americans inhabited the Great Plains?
Lakota
Which First Americans inhabited the Pacific Northwest coast?
Kwakiutl
Which First Americans inhabited northeastern North America?
Iroquois
Which First Americans inhabited present day Alaska and Northern Canada?
Inuit
Which First Americans lived in adobe homes?
Pueblo
What three things did First Americans do for food?
fished, hunted, harvested crops
What two things determined what the First Americans did for food, clothing, and shelter?
their geography and climate
What type of resource comes directly from nature?
natural resource
What type of resource is a person working to produce goods and services?
human resource
What type of resources are goods produced and used to make other goods and services?
capital resource
What type of resource is a canoe?
capital
What type of resource is a bow?
capital
What type of resource is a spear?
capital
What type of resource is a hunter?
human
What type of resource is a fisherman
human
What type of resource is a seamstress?
human
What type of resource is a river?
natural
What type of resource is an animal?
natural
What type of resource are crops?
natural
Where is Cactus Hill located?
in southeastern Virginia on the Nottoway River
Evidence that humans lived there ________ years ago was found at Cactus Hill.
18,000
Where did scientists find evidence that humans lived in the Western Hemisphere as early as 18,000 years ago?
Cactus Hill
True/False: Scientists are not in agreement as to when and how people entered the Western Hemisphere.
True
What river is Cactus Hill located near?
Nottoway
What part of Virginia is Cactus Hill located in?

southeastern