Poem Analysis Essay

  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Poetry '

    to you could go in poetry. Reader of poetry regularly carry with them many related suppositions. That a poem is to be perused for its message. That this message is covered up in the sonnet. The message is to be found by regarding the words as images which normally don 't mean what they say yet remain for something else, you need to decode each and every word to acknowledge and appreciate the poem. There are no simple approaches to disperse these inclinations. Poetry is troublesome in light of the fact

    Words: 968 - Pages: 4
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Glory Of Women '

    In addition, the poem “Glory of Women” was written in 1917. The poem, demonstrates how women viewed soldiers as glorious in spite of the dangers war brought upon men. Particularly in “Glory of Women” Sassoon described his anger towards the absence of mercy from women during WW1. In a sense, the poem portrays women as patriotic, but also ignorant. Throughout the poem, Sassoon uses a sarcastic tone, first demonstrating it through the use of the word “glory” in the title. From the very beginning

    Words: 781 - Pages: 4
  • Poem Analysis : ' The Poem '

    The first poem that I chose to revise was the persona poem. I chose this poem because it was the best poem that I wrote this unit. It also stands out to me the most. I didn’t make a lot of errors in this poem compared to the rest of my work. The biggest problem that I had was that I was never descriptive when I was talking about the small library. I went back through the poem and found places and ways to provide more description. My original poem went from “There was never a day that my father was

    Words: 1037 - Pages:
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Fire And Ice '

    part of the poem meaning and letting no word go without use. The poem at its most basic discusses the end of the world, and whether it will be in fire or in ice. Frost uses emotions instead of science to determine the answer, pairing fire with desire, and ice with hatred. However, Frost uses a creative poem structure, amazing symbolism, and great allusions to create a much deeper meaning to the poem, that crimes of passion are better that crimes of reason. The structure of this poem goes great lengths

    Words: 889 - Pages: 4
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' By Seamus Heaney

    Seamus Heaney’s poem “Twice Shy” is the description of a walk that a boy and a girl, presumably two young adolescent lovers, in the warmth of spring. The poem traces the excitement of sexual attraction and primitive love, yet divides when it comes to the appearance of the intimacy, versus the reality of it. While Seamus Heaney’s poem “Twice Shy” seems to portray a natural and conventional attitude of adolescent dating such as the nervousness and indecisive revealed in the poem, the use of various

    Words: 1004 - Pages:
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Fishhawk '

    “Fishhawk” was the first poem of the Classic of Poetry, the earliest poetry collection of East Asia (p.1322). In contrast to many poems in the “Airs of Domain” that propagated Confucianism, “Fishhawk” is a simple love poem. The poem revolves around a young man who was “tormented by his desire for a girl”(p.1322). While this poem is labeled as a “romantic folk song”(p.1322), the good use of literary elements, syntax, and language added a bit of tint to the love story. The author used a series of

    Words: 1074 - Pages: 5
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Annabel Lee '

    Allan Poe created many poems in his lifetime about the how gloom and melancholy life was in his eyes. One of his most caring and important poem he ever made was for his dead wife Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe. She was his everything and this poem was made for the great change he experienced in life. Edgar Allan Poe use of repetition, metaphor and romantic elements helps create a tragic and romantic mood for the speaker which conveys his love for his wife even after her death in the poem “Annabel Lee.” He

    Words: 1019 - Pages: 5
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' A Lighter Vein '

    Sor Juana uses binary language in her poem “In a Lighter Vein” to explore the idealization of women by men. Sor Juana creates these binaries in order to critique this idealization and presents them in a dichotomous nature to clearly illustrate the indecisive and misguided needs of men. Sor Juana’s use of binary language aligns with French feminist theorist, Ann Rosalind’s categorization of binary language to be more of a masculine discourse, and thus could be argued that Sor Juana writes “In a Lighter

    Words: 1650 - Pages: 7
  • Analysis Of Poem ' One Art '

    Analysis of the Poem “One Art” Stylistic devices in poetry play a vital role because they allow a poet to convey meaning, emotion, and tone of his or her poem. Without the stylistic devices, it would hard for people to understand what the poets wanted them to understand from reading their poems. For example, the significance and meaning of a poem can be conveyed via the poem’s form. In particular, the poet can use a formal arrangement such as a sonnet or an ode when writing about a serious subject

    Words: 1136 - Pages:
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' The Raven '

    Analysis Of The Raven (The Poem, Itself, And Its Symbolism) The Raven has been one of the most recognizable works in American poetry because of its haunting, music-like quality. It is also known for its hypnotic sound and uniform tone of melancholy. Poe needed to create a masterpiece people could remember him by. He used all of his best writing talents in his poem; repetition, parallelism, internal rhyme, alliteration, and assonance, so that he would be committed to the memories of all people

    Words: 1794 - Pages: 8
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' The '

    feelings in a way that not many men his age could. The poems of E.E. Cummings have been able to live in the minds of people longer than he has. Stanley Hyman explains that “A writer survives in his best work, not his worst, and at his best Cummings has written at least a dozen poems that seem to me matchless.” (Hyman 117) His poetry has lasted for years since he wrote them and still remain relevant to this day. Among them is Humanity I Love You, a poem the criticises the humanity during the time period

    Words: 1467 - Pages: 6
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Native Guard '

    Natasha Trethewey’s poem Myth is an emotional piece, published in her prize winning poetry book, Native Guard, in 2007. Natasha Trethewey was born in Gulfport, Mississippi, where she was raised with her mother and father, a mixed race couple who ended up divorcing when she was six years old. After the divorce, she moved to Georgia to live with her mother, and spent the summers with her father. During this period of her life was when she began to understand the complex life of her mother and father

    Words: 1323 - Pages: 6
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Harlem Hopscotch '

    Maya Angelou’s poem “Harlem Hopscotch” not only addresses the time period norms, but also, reveals the tensions that fuel either side of the civil rights movement. An analysis of Harlem Hopscotch reveals that the poem was created to symbolize the back and forth struggle between whites and blacks fiscally and legally, which is illustrated in the formatting and style of the poem as well as the historical context behind the words on the page. The first thing to notice looking at the poem text on the page

    Words: 791 - Pages: 4
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' The Raven '

    how that can affect an individual. He conveys this through the major themes of death, depression at the loss of a loved one, different aspects of spirituality, and an inability to escape death. In relation to death, the first-person narrator of the poem is haunted by the loss of his dead love, Lenore. Lenore may symbolize the lost loves of any person, and how with their death was taken beauty and life. Without Lenore, the narrator finds himself to be “weak and weary” (“The Raven” 1). In addition,

    Words: 994 - Pages: 4
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' For The Union Dead '

    Analysis of the poem "For the Union Dead." Analysis of the poem For the Union Dead entails interpretation of poetic forms and elements of metaphor used in writing the poem. Form of a poem refers to the possible set of rules and associated poetic styles used in different ways to bring certain meanings and concepts within a poem. Form incorporates the rules while it describes different elements related to rhythm and meter of a poem. Therefore, the form of a poem incorporates analysis of ideas and

    Words: 1767 - Pages: 8
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Black Art '

    African American who poem is” Black Art” by Amiri Baraka “Black Art”. In the poem “ Black Art “, the poem is dedicated to African American to wake up and reverse the situation , by taking control over everything . The author is urged the audience to be conscious and unconscious about African-American. Amiri is saying I need to see all the hardworking of the African American not just word but reality, proof, demonstration, and action been taking. In addition, in this poem the author shows to

    Words: 1196 - Pages: 5
  • Poem Analysis : ' Love Poem '

    John Frederick Nims’ “Love Poem” is a poem describing someone he loves. The first line of the poem, “My clumsiest dear, whose hands shipwreck vases”, at first may be interpreted as the start of some form of insult. This line also intrigues the reader to continue and explore what Nims has to say about his “dear”. Though the poem begins by depicting some negative attributes that his love possesses, Nims doesn’t forget to describe her positive attributes, “Only with words and people and love you move

    Words: 835 - Pages: 4
  • Poem Analysis : ' The Luminary '

    REFFELCTION ESSAY FOR POEM “THE LUMINARY” I chose to write a poem using six words from Webster’s Dictionary page we were given as an exercise in Dr. Brown’s “Book Notes on Jones.” My poem uses a technique related to Jones’ poem “OED” though not identical. I’ve also broken the poem into three parts like the Jones’ book. The parts are “Prelude,” “~,” and “The Marmot’s Luminary.” Is think my choice is justified in that it becomes obvious how my work is related to his. The “Prelude” poem makes it plain what

    Words: 732 - Pages: 3
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' The Phantom Of Love '

    moving from destination to destination, never fully settling into one place he can call home. While constantly moving, Whitman found inspiration in the most detailed settings and ideals. From one inspiration stemmed Leaves of Grass, a collection of poems written by Walt Whitman and later read by a young writer, Anne Burrows Gilchrist. Anne Gilchrist suffered from the loss of her spouse, Alexander Gilchrist, after a 10 year marriage with the result of four children. Leaves of Grass led Anne to fall

    Words: 1094 - Pages: 5
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' An Elegy '

    Literature comes in many forms ranging from poems, plays, novels and etc., these forms help convey, express, or relay a message to their audience. An Elegy is a form of literature that is defined as either a poem or song that is written in the form of elegiac couplets to honor the deceased. These poems are written for the purpose to help relieve grief, aid in the healing process and commemorate the loss. These elegiac poems are often filled with emotions and follow a specific pattern which involves

    Words: 750 - Pages: 3
  • Piano and Drums Poem Analysis

    In Gabriel Okara’s poem, “Piano and Drums”, Okara expresses his feelings and thoughts of a primitive society in contrast to a western society. Being an African himself, and having studied in a western society, the poem reflects the confusion in his emotions as well as the loss of self-identity. The title of the poem itself, “Piano and Drums” displays a sense of dissimilarity and contrast as the instruments are so unalike in terms of sophistication. Throughout the entire poem, Okara incorporates

    Words: 2085 - Pages: 9
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' The Dream Of The Rood '

    “The Dream of the Rood” is a Christian poem authored by an unknown poet, around the 8th century. In the poem, the rood, or cross on which Christ died, visits the poet in a dream. The cross tells the story of the crucifixion from its point of view. Making the cross a character with its own voice in the “The Dream of the Rood,” allows the author to express the cross’ heroism throughout the poem. In the biblical story of the crucifixion, Christ is the sole protagonist and savior who died for the sins

    Words: 1701 - Pages:
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' The Raven '

    that’s around 7 syllables, and there are 18 stanzas in the poem. An example of a meter is line 1, “ONCE u PON a MID night DREAR y, WHILE i POND ered WEAK and WEAR y” this line is a trochaic octameter, I found the octameter to be a very common occurrence. The not common occurrence is the 7 feet meter and line 27, is an example of an iambic heptameter “but THE si LENCE was UN broken, AND the STILL ness GAVE no TOK en.” The rhyming patterns in the poem are, internal rhyme, he likes to have rhyming words in

    Words: 752 - Pages: 4
  • Analysis Of Poem ' My Butterfly '

    his first book of poetry in 1849 called “Strayed Reveller and Other Poems,” he then continued to publish many more books of modern English poetry, married Fanny Whitman and died in 1888 walking with his wife to the Tran. Robert Frost was born in San Francisco, California, on March 26, 1874, he attended Tuffs College, published his first poem in 1984 called "My Butterfly: an Elegy," wrote and published many more modern English poems, worked as a professor at many colleges, married Elinor and died January

    Words: 1147 - Pages:
  • Critical Analysis Of The Poem ' Beowulf '

    Critical Analysis of Beowulf In early literature, Beowulf was discovered as one of the beginnings of Early British Literature, dating back to the first half of the thirteenth century. The author who was behind this piece of work is unknown and the poem was most likely told by mouth by others as a tradition until it was written down during the time period of the Anglo-Saxons, making it very difficult to track down who wrote it. During this time, traditions and customs were a major part of society

    Words: 1513 - Pages: 7
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' The Raven '

    around 7 syllables, and there are 18 stanzas in the poem. An example of an 8-foot meter is line 1, “ONCE u PON a MID night DREAR y, WHILE i POND ered WEAK and WEAR y” this line is a trochaic octameter, I found the octameter to be a very common occurrence. The not common occurrence is the 7-foot meter and line 27, is an example of an iambic heptameter “but THE si LENCE was UN broken, AND the STILL ness GAVE no TOK en.” The rhyming patterns in the poem are, internal rhyme, he likes to rhyme words in the

    Words: 752 - Pages: 4
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Paradise Saved '

    Analysis of Hope, “Paradise Saved (Another Version of the Fall)” One who is familiar with the bible, will know of Adam and Eve – the first two humans who ever lived, but were banished from the Garden of Eden, for they disobeyed God by eating the forbidden fruit. Considering how this story is central to the Christian doctrine of original sin, it is impossible not to think about other possible scenarios. What if neither chose to eat? What if one of them did not eat? In A.D Hope’s poem “Paradise Saved”

    Words: 1029 - Pages:
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Easter Wings '

    affects how one handles hardships. George Herbert’s poem “Easter Wings” is a famous example of a “shape poem” which includes a theme that correlates to the literal shape of the poem. Herbert created a poem shaped as wings with his main topic being religious based. He focused on God, despair, and hope for the human race by giving the famous example of Adam in the Garden of Eden and the resurrection of Jesus Christ. He also provides a literal shape to the poem to further enhance his religious massage of the

    Words: 766 - Pages: 4
  • Analysis Of Poem ' The Tyger '

    ANALYSIS OF THE POEM’S IMAGERY When it comes to animals, humans are very visual. We don’t want to be told what an animal looks like. We want pictures, videos or maybe even a trip to the zoo. Therefore, William Blake’s attention to imagery in “The Tyger” is not surprising. What is surprising is the way he develops the image of the tiger, blacksmith and lamb. In the opening lines of the poem, Blake describes the Tiger’s infamous striped orange coat by saying, “Tyger, Tyger burning bright, in the forests

    Words: 1005 - Pages: 5
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' If- ' By Rudyard Kipling

    These poems are all written by great authors and people. They each have their own take on poetry and how they see life. There viewpoints are shown in their writing. These authors have all felt great pains and happiness. Rudyard Kipling, Maya Angelou had to deal with the oppression of being a colored person during a time where the nation was divided between the African Americans and the white man. Taha Muhammad Ali lived through the Arab- Israeli war, and had to flee his home when he was a teen.

    Words: 1700 - Pages: 7
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' The Fish '

    Why Analysis "The Fish"? Bishop says that her poem is the truth, but she admits that she changed one detail. “…the poem says he had five hooks hanging from his mouth, but actually he only had three…” (Doty n.pag.). "The Fish" by Elizabeth Bishop is essentially more concerned with exactly how it happened and not an emphasis on precision. Bishop may have spoken only the truth, nonetheless there is still deeper meaning behind her words. However, Carol Frost in "A Poet 's Inner Eye" he found out that

    Words: 830 - Pages: 4
  • The Schoolboy Poem Analysis Essay

    The Schoolboy – Close critical analysis “The Schoolboy” is a poem about how education systems hinder youths from behaving naturally. For example, in this poem, the boy “love(s) to rise in a summer morn, When the birds sing on every tree”. However, he has “to go to school in a summer morn” and this “drives all (his) joy away”. Hence, from here we can see that societal norms destroy the innocence of youth as they repress their souls with so-called education. By doing so, the author is telling us to

    Words: 783 - Pages: 4
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' The Lamb '

    “To His Coy Mistress,” is a poem about a man telling a woman that he desires her and that they don’t have much time to be together so they should love each other while they have a chance. The message of this poem is rather straight forward. The speaker used beautiful words to spell out that he wishes to sleep with the shy mistress and that they should seize the day because time never stops and no matter what they do time will continue to pass. The poem’s rhythm of alternating unstressed and stressed

    Words: 704 - Pages: 3
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' The Poems Of Robert Frost '

    The Theme of Isolation in the Poems of Robert Frost Poetry is a form of literary work that is reflective with meaning and transcribed using a variety of themes to often reflect everything from nature to social, economic and political concerns. The theme of a poem can be stated clearly, but more often is interlaced obscurely inside the words through the use of imagery and metaphors requiring close reading to determine the predominant idea. Over the years, there have been an incredible number of

    Words: 1058 - Pages:
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' The Hollow Men '

    surprising that literary works are filled with the same. While some works allude to it others bring it to the forefront. Emily Dickinson, in her poem “479”, boldly states, “Because I could not stop for Death” (1206) but T.S. Eliot only hints at it in “The Hollow Men.” Death and religion are synonymous with literary work, no matter the century. An analysis of five literary works from the nineteenth century to the present reveals how authors used death or religion as inspiration or reflect an individual’s

    Words: 1165 - Pages:
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' The Poems '

    When writing a poem a poet can twist a subject into whatever perspective they see fit. While Kilee Greethurst wrote her poems based on her experiences she opened up her thoughts and feelings to give the readers a wall of emotion and imagery. In order to portray these feelings of happiness and romance, she used the concept of bliss as her overall theme. All of Greethurst’s poems revolve around the idea of a blissful state of mind, creating a theme of happiness and love. Throughout Greethurst’s

    Words: 821 - Pages: 4
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' The Gold Sun '

    composed altering rules and requirements. The requirements and rules of a glosa that P.K. Page abides by includes, picking four consecutive lines in a poem that she admires. The passage of the four lines chosen is called the cabeza, which typically sets the theme for the poem. In Page’s poem “The Gold Sun” she utilizes four lines from Wallace Stevens’ poem “Credences of Summer”. The four lines that inspire Page are: [T]race the gold sun about the whitened sky [W]ithout evasion by a single metaphor.

    Words: 1156 - Pages: 5
  • Poem Analysis : Fern Hill

    The poem, “Fern Hill”, by Dylan Thomas is about the speaker reminiscing his childhood as he realizes how much time has passed which has resulted in the loss of innocence and youth in the speaker. The first four stanzas of the poem describe the speaker’s childhood memories at the farm, Fern Hill, where he was carefree and did not have a single concern about the world. On the other hand, the last two stanzas of the poem describe the speaker’s attitude toward growing up and losing the innocence he once

    Words: 1014 - Pages: 5
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Depression '

    The first poem I wrote for this collection was Depression. Originally, it was very narrative so it took a while for me to decide whether to make the basic concept into a poem or story. Eventually I decided on writing a poem as I didn’t have much experience with writing poetry so I saw it as a personal challenge. I realised the original concept was not very cohesive, so I wrote a rough storyline to work through in order to make the piece more cohesive. An early difficulty I had was with perspective

    Words: 1028 - Pages:
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Winter Solitude '

    For the purpose of this paper, two poems will be compared and analyzed. The first poem is about the emergence of plants from winter into spring called “Spring and All”. This poem is written by William Carlos Williams. The second poem is one speaking of the transition from autumn to winter, written by Archibald Lampman titled “Winter-Solitude”. First lets compare the form of both poems, starting with “Spring and All”. This poem consists of 27 lines organized into seven stanzas. The first stanza is

    Words: 1129 - Pages:
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Head, Heart '

    Analysis of “Head, Heart” Lydia Davis’s poem “Head, Heart” chronicles a short, yet meaningful interaction between the entities Head and Heart. Head and Heart have recently suffered an immense loss and feel great distress. In this time of great sorrow, it is Head’s duty to act as consoler to Heart, to comfort Heart in its moment of despair. Davis portrays the entities Head and Heart in such a way that allows the audience to connect with the characters in a manner that allows the reader’s own head

    Words: 839 - Pages: 4
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Wars '

    it seems that we have still not learnt the destruction that wars bring about to our lives and the world that we live in. Thankfully, we do have people like Wilfred Owen who are the few voices that remind us about what the realities of war. In his poems “Insensibility” and “Dulce Et Decorum est”, Owen exposes a side of the war that governments usually try to conceal from the society. Let’s begin with exploring the context of Owen and what drove him into discussing about the reality of war. Wilfred

    Words: 1454 - Pages: 6
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Sugar Bowl '

    a way to incorporate political aspects into his poems without sounding as though he his standing on a soap box. Another aspect that he integrates in his works is nature. In his poem “Sugar Bowl” Pacheco looks at the health of the Native Americans by describing interactions in his family. This poem is a free verse poem and is written in prose form. He uses roman numerals to separate the stanzas. Pacheco uses repetition to set some rhythm in the poem but he does it in such a way that does not create

    Words: 836 - Pages: 4
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' From Prison '

    Looking Out From Within: An Analysis of "To Althea From Prison" Richard Lovelace was charming, handsome, and affluent. He embodied the disposition that any woman could fancy during his time, but outwardly that was all there was to him. If you were to ask around you would be told that he was well-off and distinguished and seemingly that was where his persona had stopped. So the question posed becomes, “why would a man so forgettable, be remembered for such a long period of time?” The works he composed

    Words: 1323 - Pages:
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Wislawa Szymborska '

    Wislawa Szymborska was a Polish poet who often wrote poems about her life, but many mistake her poems to be politically motivated. She lived during the cold war and often examined topics of happiness, death, and time. Szymborska often uses poetic techniques to add meaning to her poems, which helps the poem to “speak” to the readers. The use of these techniques also supplement the underlying themes presented, which make her poetry very powerful and moving. Szymborska’s use of different poetic techniques

    Words: 1328 - Pages: 6
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' New Selected Poems ' By Mark Strand

    In examining Mark Strand’s book, New Selected Poems, it becomes clear that Strand is very different from Bukowski. Mark Strand seems to have had more of a traditional education and it reflects in his poetic form. His poems have a structure, but are still modern and almost free verse yet at the same time are not. That being said his poems are very enjoyable. The first poem that stood out was “Sleeping with One Eye Open” in this poem Strand is describing a personal experience as well as also describing

    Words: 783 - Pages: 4
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Fern Hill '

    look back at our childhood with nostalgia, longing for the good old days of playing with friends and no responsibilities. In Dylan Thomas’s six stanza poem, “Fern Hill”, the speaker emphasizes the painful conflict of past experience and present realization as he inspects his own childhood from an adult perspective. Upon the first glance, the poem reads smoothly and without interruption, almost as if spoken in one breath. With beautiful descriptions of farm life among repetitive imagery, the reader

    Words: 1420 - Pages: 6
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' The Imminence Of Death '

    each has a marginally different effect on the poem, with the third quatrain defining the poem more specifically to the abstract concepts and addresses the idea of the finalistic nature of death. The content is compact due to the fourteen-line structure of the sonnet, and draws out a realization in the destruction of Time and Death, and encourages discussion of the poet’s mortality. There is a sense of progression in the poem and the subject of the poem coming to terms with the ideas that he is trying

    Words: 1496 - Pages: 6
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' The Green Room '

    I hold the chapbook in my hand and question what the contents may hold. I breathe a sigh as I open it and see the first poem titled “The Green Room”. I reassure myself by saying “the chapbook is safe, the author is a faceless entity” and I begin to read her words. “The Green Room” gave me a feeling of melancholy and I assumed that the chapbook would be a theme of childhood memories from the viewpoint of an adult. When she speaks of the “green carpet” I was able to see in my mind’s eye the shag

    Words: 831 - Pages: 4
  • Analysis Of The Poem ' Home Burial '

    “Home Burial,” the title itself has a sad demeanor towards it. Frost, however, did an excellent job revealing the two kinds of grief in a collapsing marriage. The poem is a heated argument upon what grieving, or in this case, mourning is between a husband and wife over the death of their child. It is also about a wife’s insecurities and how she takes them out on her husband. The husband’s, whose name is unknown, composure over the death of his child is brief. He had his moment and moved on with life

    Words: 948 - Pages: 4

All Poem Analysis Essays:

Popular Topics:

Hotspot Shield Free VPN Proxy 6.2.0 for Android 4.1 11 MB | Night Stalker | Wildes Brasilien (1)